Dong People


The Miao, known as Hmong in the West, is one of the minority groups of China. Originally the Miao came from the North Plain of China, north of the Yellow River. Legend says that after the defeat of Jioli, a tribal group who fought against Huangdi, the Yellow Emperor, the Miao started to migrate south. They crossed the Yellow River to Jiang Wei Jing Zou region. There they established a kingdom called "San Miao" or "Vaj Peb Hmoob" as called by the Miao/Hmong. Now this region consists of Hubei, Hunan and Jiangsu provinces. During the era of Yao, Shun, and Yu, the founder of the Xia Dynasty, the Xia government, known as the Han people and the San Miao fought each other to control the beautiful land of the region. Finally, the San Miao were defeated and migrated westward to what we know today as the provinces of Guizhou,

Hunan, Hubei, Sichuan, and Guangxi.  Later on some of these people also migrated to the Island of   Hainan and to Southeast Asia. In Southeast Asia these people are known as "Hmong". Due to wars, econimic problems and the pressure of other larger groups the Miao were forced to live in marginal regions usually mountainous areas where transportation and communication were difficult. Being separate geographically their languages developed into many dialects and subdialects, but today we find that there are three main regional dialects: Eastern, Central and Western. The Eastern dialect is referred to the Hunan Miao located in Hunan and northeastern Guizhou; the Central dialect is known as the Qiandongnan Miao located in southeastern Guizhou; the Western dialect is reconized as the Yunnan Miao and spoken by the Southeast Asian Hmong.